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Daniel Pearl (1963-2002)  Wall Street Journal reporter who was kidnapped and murdered by terrorists in Pakistan.

A Clash Of Two Birthdays
Samir Kuntar and Daniel Pearl.

-- Judea Pearl

Last month, in my column Al Jazeera and the Glorification of Barbarity, I described al Jazeera's royal celebration of the birthday of Samir Kuntar, the unrepentant child-killer psychopath, and called on the network to "publically apologize to its viewers in the Arab world for attempting to turn their children into the likes of Kuntar; to the journalism community, for robbing the profession of its nobleness; and, most urgently, to us, citizens of this planet, for re-legitimizing barbarity in the public square."

Those who expected Al Jazeera to apologize should recall that apology in Al-Jazeera's worldview is tantamount to a humiliating surrender. Surprisingly, a letter signed by Al-Jazeera's general director, Khanfar Wadah, was received by the newspaper Ha'aretz, a copy of which I have obtained, saying: "elements of the programme violated Al-Jazeera's Code of Ethics" (Ha'aretz, Aug. 6), This letter prompted Ha'aretz editors to issue a cheerful headline: "Al-Jazeera apologizes for 'unethical' coverage of Kuntar release." Two days after the letter was sent, however, Ahmad Jaballah, the station's deputy editor-in-chief, denied that the channel had ever apologized, or sent any letter to Israel. On Aug. 8, in an interview with the Lebanese daily Al-Akhbar, Jaballah called the report on the letter "utter nonsense and totally groundless" (MEMRI translation.) It is, indeed, utterly impossible for Al Jazeera to apologize for echoing its viewers' deepest passions.

The most frequent question I received from readers of my column was: "Did you get any response from Arab or Western readers?" I will summarize these responses below, together with responses to another, totally different birthday commemoration, one that contrasts the surrealism of Kuntar's carnival with the spirit of our local community and illuminates what many characterize as a "clash of civilizations."

The responses to my August column fell into four major categories, as encapsulated in the following quotes:

  1. "They apologized, didn't they? So, why rub it in?"
  2. "I am ashamed of being an Arab, Al Jazeera does not speak for me."
  3. "What do you expect of those Arabs, they are fed this hatred with their mother's milk."
  4. "What about the millions of Iraqi children killed by Americans and the crimes of Israel against the Palestinians?"

I expected these four types of responses, but what struck me as odd was that the fourth group came not only from anti-American fanatics and Jihadi websites, but also from well meaning American intellectuals, among them respected journalists and political analysts. It seems that two very simple ideas, so obvious to ordinary folks, have not been able to penetrate the skulls of some of our intellectuals.

The first is that, irrespective of body-counts and political agenda, those who take pride in targeting the innocent or who aim at maximizing civilian casualties are not on the same side of heaven as those who struggle to prevent such acts and minimize civilian casualties. Most people are under the impression that United Nations diplomats, coerced by a certain block of terror-sympathetic countries, are the only thinking humanoids who are incapable of formulating a commonsensical definition of the evil of terror. This is no longer true; evidently, the body-count argument now blinds the best of us.

The second idea concerns the fundamental distinction between individual behavior and societal norms. When an American or Israeli soldier targets civilians, he/she is court-martialed, not glorified as a hero for youngsters to emulate. Al Jazeera's celebration of Kuntar's birthday party was unmistakably designed and choreographed to position child-killer Kuntar as a role model for Arab society, and it undoubtedly succeeded, given the admiration that Kuntar commands these days in the Middle East, including his recent meeting with Mahmoud Abbas. Some Western intellectuals are not willing to sit down and calculate the number of years it would take for human civilization to clean up the moral warpage that Al Jazeera is spouting in the young minds of its 50 million viewers.

In sharp contrast to the birthday of Samir Kuntar, next month will witness another birthday celebration, closer to my heart: the birthday of our late son, Daniel Pearl, who would have turned 45 on October 10. Unlike the former, this birthday will not be celebrated on satellite TV with butcher knives, Hezbollah fatigues and "Heil Hitler" salutes. Instead, it will be celebrated by grass root communities, including Danny's musician friends, to commemorate and perpetuate his passionate use of music to connect people of diverse background.

Danny's birthday represents the soul of a different society, one whose role models are truth-seeking journalists and bridge-building musicians, not child killers; a society that celebrates life, not death, one that commemorates birthdays with music and interfaith gatherings, not butcher knives, assassination threats and vows to "meet the enemy very soon."

As some readers probably know, every year since 2002, the Daniel Pearl World Music Days have taken place worldwide during the month of October. Music Days involve hundreds of musical happenings that include dedications to the ideals for which Danny stood as well as declarations against the culture of terror and hate that took his life. In 2007, more than 500 concerts were dedicated in 42 countries, uniting and empowering many thousands of people in a stand for a more humane world.

Here in Los Angeles, this year's World Music Days will prelude in Royce Hall on Sept. 21 with the American Youth Symphony dedication of Beethoven 9th symphony, joining the Angeles Chorale with "Alle Menchen verden bruder (All men will be brothers.)" This will be followed by Yuval Ron Ensemble on Sept. 25, the Los Angeles Chamber Orchestra on Oct. 4-5, the Los Angeles Master Chorale on Oct. 12, Kadima String Quartet on Oct. 22, the Victory Orchestra on Oct. 26, and many more concerts, festivals and performances dedicated to the ideal of a hate-free world.

The Los Angeles Jewish community has played a special role in World Music Days in the past seven years. Synagogues, Jewish Schools and community centers have turned their October gatherings into a powerful opportunity to inspire members with unity and purpose as well as reach out to neighboring, non-Jewish communities and catalyze lasting alliances through the shared values that World Music Days symbolize. The Weizmann Day School in Pasadena, for example, has invited, for the past seven years, the children of both a Muslim school and an Episcopalian school to come to their campus and sing songs of peace in tribute to Daniel's memory. These concerts have developed into lasting relationships and joint programming throughout the year.

Major synagogues such as Valley Beth Shalom, Sinai Temple, Temple Israel of Hollywood, and University Synagogue in Irvine have dedicated musical portions of the High Holidays or Kabalat Shabbat services to Daniel's last words, "I am Jewish," and thus transformed routine liturgical texts into a powerful poetry of pride and resilience, cogently relevant to our troubled century.

Two clashing birthdays, two cultures, and two outlooks for the 21st century.

Our rabbis, cantors, school principals and community leaders understand that a birthday celebration is a profound statement of identity, not a propaganda gimmick; it is a mirror of society, its principles, norms and aspirations, not an impulsive vent of one's hatred. They understand that those who celebrate Kuntar's birthday with butcher knives and Hezbollah's fatigues are committing their children to another century of helplessness, while those who celebrate the birthday of a friendship-building journalist-musician-humanist elevate their children to a balcony of hope.

The former are nourishing a generation of Samir Kuntars, the latter rear a generation that reveres life and can look itself in the mirror without shame.

Judea Pearl is a professor at UCLA and president of the Daniel Pearl Foundation named after his son. With his wife, Ruth, he co-edited the anthology I am Jewish: Personal Reflections Inspired by the Last Words of Daniel Pearl.

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